Garden egg is a type of eggplant that is used as a food crop in several countries in Africa. It is a small, white fruit with a teardrop or roundish shape that is valued for its unique bitterness.
Often called an eggplant, though they belong to the same family, they are not the same. The garden egg is indigenous to Sub-Saharan Africa, whereas the eggplant is indigenous to North America, Asia, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa and is dark purple in colour. Specifically, the garden egg is a scarlet eggplant belonging to the Solanum aethiopicum genus.
Garden eggs are largely sold in markets. They are most commonly sold per bulb. The garden egg can be stored for up to three months by drying which is good because it best fits the fact that not many marketers have access to refrigerators or other storage tools.
Garden egg is a very source of useful nutrients for the body. As a matter of fact, when fruits and vegetables are consumed continuously, they help reduce the risk of many lifestyle-related health conditions.
Here are some of the incredible health benefits of garden egg:
- It Helps In Weight Loss
Garden egg aids weight reduction because they contain low carbohydrates and calories essential for weight management.
Overweight individuals who want to lose weight or those who whish to retain their normal body weight can add garden egg to their diet as well.
The compounds in garden egg do not only increase satiety, they also reduce appetite. Observation has also shown that garden egg, as it is also known, help reduce calorie intake by making a person feel fuller for longer.
- It Aids digestion
Garden egg is a fibrous fruit that help in proper food digestion and control of bowel movement. Due to this fiber content in the fruit, they reduce constipation and improve digestion.
Garden eggs are believed to be one of the greatest sources of dietary fiber which is an essential element in any balanced diet.
- It Helps Fight Cancer
Studies have shown that Polyphenols in garden egg have anti-cancer effects. The anthocyanins and chlorogenic acid that are contained in garden egg help protect cells from damage caused by free radicals.
Thus preventing tumor growth and the spread of cancer cells.
It was also shown that the anticancer action of anthocyanins appears to include preventing new blood vessels from forming in the tumor, reducing inflammation, and blocking the enzymes that help cancer cells to spread.
- It Helps During Pregnancy
These fruits are packed with minerals, vitamins and other nutritional properties that play a key role during pregnancy.
The properties in garden egg help both pregnant women and unborn children for healthy situational conditions.
Garden eggs are also rich in folic acid which is beneficial to pregnant women. Folic acid protects infants from neural tube defects that do occur.
- It Helps Prevent Liver Disorder
Studies have shown that the importance of garden egg to the liver cannot be overemphasized because the antioxidants in garden egg help protect the liver from certain toxins; thereby making it a remedy for liver issues.
- It Helps Control Sugar Level
Research has shown that garden egg helps control sugar level; making it a great dietary option for diabetic patients.
It has the ability to reduce glucose absorption in the body and lower blood sugar levels. It also possesses low soluble carbohydrates, which assist in this regard.
- It Helps Improve Vision
The cream-color flesh of garden egg has a pleasantly bitter taste and this is due to the presence of small amounts of nicotinoid alkaloids it contains.
Its spongy consistency helps to protect from poor vision caused by glaucoma as well as improving overall vision.
- Rich In Vitamin B
Garden egg is a natural source of vitamin B’s such as thiamin, niacin, B6 and pantothenic acid that helps the body in the proper use of fat and protein; and also contributes to the nervous system positively. It helps in brain development and also helps in making sure that the immune and nervous system works properly.
- Prevents heart diseases
Garden eggs richness in vitamin B1 and B6 (thiamin and niacin). These vitamins are essential in the body for the proper functioning of the heart and cellular respiration. It’s rich in potassium also helps in blood pressure regulation.
Vitamin B1 deficiency leads to cardiovascular problems. Therefore foods rich in vitamin B1 play a vital role in ensuring a healthy nervous system and improve the proper functioning of the cardiovascular.
Vitamin B6 helps in maintaining a healthy nervous system. Consuming garden eggs can greatly help in preventing heart disorders.
- It Helps Prevent Diabetes
Garden eggs which are a source of soluble fiber and carbohydrates can help in the control and prevention of diabetes.
Foods are rich in fiber and carbohydrates help in the regulation of blood sugar levels and glucose absorption.
- Helps Promote Healthy Bones
They contain a good amount of potent minerals such as folate, manganese, vitamin K, magnesium, vitamin C and copper that help in bone strengthening and general bone health.
Consuming garden egg regularly is highly beneficial in preventing the risk of bone degradation and osteoporosis. Garden egg also contains some amount of iron and calcium aids in reducing the chance of osteoporosis, thereby keeping your bones strong and healthy.
- Prevents anemia
Garden egg has been found to serve as a natural medicine for treating several health conditions such as bronchitis, colic (pain in the abdomen caused by obstruction of the intestine); stress relief, headache, and others, if consumed daily.
Garden egg is a rich source of iron, which helps in increase in the red blood cell in the body, thereby aids in fighting against anemia or deficiency in iron.
- Maintains blood pressure levels
Garden eggs contain a high amount of calcium, magnesium, potassium, and phosphorus. These minerals contained in it helps in maintaining electrolyte balance in our body.
It aids in neutralizing sodium effects in the body, thereby controlling blood pressure levels.
An antioxidant in garden eggs known as chlorogenic acid also helps in reducing cholesterol levels in the body.